Music In Latin America And The Caribbean An Encyclopedic History The Last Crisis of Fidel Castro – Sports Defections

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The Last Crisis of Fidel Castro – Sports Defections

Embassy

Of course I don’t remember the year, but I know it happened. When I was a teenager I admired Cuban Olympians like Mireya Luis (she was a great volleyball player), Magali Carvajal and Alberto Juantorena. That was not all. My bedroom was turned into a “Cuban Sports Museum”. On the walls were many photographs of Cuban idols, from Mireya Luis Hernández to Roberto Urrutia (a fugitive athlete). I also had enough books in my bookcase. It was quite a strange experience.

Life is full of surprises. But in those years, I learned more about Cuba than I had ever learned at university, and discovered a very different world from my own.

My favorite day was when I went to the Cuban Embassy in Lima and the diplomats gave me magazines and newspapers like Havana, Cuban Internacional, Granma, Bohemia, etc. I was really happy because I could read about my idols. At that time I knew nothing about politics.

My parents did not allow me to go to the Cuban Embassy (but I did). No wonder. Why? In the latter half of the 20th century, Cuba was closely associated with anti-democratic groups in Latin America, Africa and Asia. In addition, since 1959, Cuba has been ruled by brothers Fidel and Raúl Castro. Under Castro, the island is one of the world’s most brutal dictators. On the other hand, in the 1970s and 1980s, the Cuban regime sent thousands of books and newspapers to the Third World and other countries.

The “honeymoon” with the island — ended in the 1990s. This was the decade when the Third World and Eastern European countries, such as the collapse of the USSR in 1991 and 15 new independent states, demanded citizenship.

All Tyrant Athletes

Cuba is known for its traditional music and natural beauty, but Cuba is also known for being a great Olympic champion. At the 1976 Montreal Olympics, the Cuban team, strongly supported by the Soviet government, won 13 medals and accounted for five percent of all gold produced by communist countries. For the first time, the island had six Olympic champions. One of them was Alberto Juantorena, known as “the horse”, who was trained by a Polish trainer, and about 80% of Cuban trainers came from the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and other former communist countries of the USSR.

Before traveling to Canada, Juantorena competed in several international competitions in the World Soviet and other countries. He won a silver medal at the 1975 Pan American Games in Mexico City. A few months later, Alberto Juantorena made history by winning two golds at Montreal-76. Interestingly, Juantorena’s main rival, Kenyan world-class runner Mike Boit, was unable to compete because Africa boycotted the Olympics in Canada. In the mid-70s, sports magazines called him “one of the best runners in the world” because of his international medals.

From Slavery to Freedom

But not all of Cuba’s history was a happy one. For many reasons, the island is not an Olympic paradise. The facts speak for themselves. In the latter half of the 20th century, many athletes were used by the Cuban dictatorship as a tool of political propaganda. In addition, between 1992 and 2008, many athletes who married foreigners in order to obtain their husband’s citizenship, such as Magdeline Martinez (athletics / Italy), Lilian Allen (athletics / Mexico), Magali Carvajal (volleyball / Spain), Libani Grenot Martinez (athletics / Italy). At the same time, several athletes in Europe and America were betrayed.

I was amazed to read that thirty-nine athletes competed in one of the island’s biggest problems at the 1993 Central American and Caribbean Games in Puerto Rico. In recent years, more refugees have come from North Korea or Iran.

Cuban Fugitives (2006-2009)

Sportsman…………………………………………… …………………Shoes

1. Aguelmis Rojas (athletics)……………………..2009, Uruguay

2. Eder Roldan (soccer)………………………………..2008, USA

3. Jose Manuel Miranda (soccer)………………….2008, USA

4. Erlis Garcia Baro (soccer)……………………………2008, USA

5. Yenier Bermudez (soccer)……………………………2008, USA

6. Jordan Alvarez (soccer)………………………………..2008, USA

7. Leonnie Prieto (soccer)…………………………………2008, USA

8. Yendry Diaz (football)…………………………………………. …… 2008, USA

9. Yurisel Laborde (judo)……………………………2008, USA

10. Guillermo Roberto Cabrera (volleyball)…….2008, USA

11. Pedro Fife (soccer)………………………………..2008, USA

12. Reynier Alcantara (soccer)…………………..2008, USA

13. Frank Casañas (athletics)………………….2008, Spain

14. Luiz Felipe Meliz (athletics)………………….2007, Spain

15. Julian Rodríguez (basketball)………………….2007, Chile

16. Osvaldo Alonso (soccer)…………………………..2007, USA

17. Lester More (soccer)………………………………..2007, USA

18. Rafael D’Acosta (volleyball ……………………..2007, Brazil

19. Michael Fernandez Garcia (cycling)………….2007, Brazil

20. Alexey Rodriguez (baseball)…………..2007, Dominican R.

21. Raydel Poey (volleyball)……………………………2007, Bulgaria

22. Yaser Purtuondo (volleyball)…………………..2007, Bulgaria

23. Alexander Martinez (athletics)……………..2006, Switzerland

24. Yunier Alvarez (badminton)…………………………2006, Dominican R.

25. Kenny Rodriguez (baseball)………………….2006, Ecuador

26. Jan Barthelemy (boxing)……………………………2006, Venezuela

27. Odlanier Solis Forte (boxing)…………………..2006, Venezuela

28. Yuriorkis Gamboa (boxing ……………………..2006, Venezuela.

29. Carlos Castillo (volleyball ………………………2006, Dominican Republic

30. Julio Acosta (handball)……………………………2006, Dominican Republic

31. Damaris Ney (volleyball)………………………2006, Dominican Republic

32. Isaura Medina (badminton)……………..2006, Dominican Republic

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