Name The God Of The Sun Poetry Music And Medicine A Quick Guide to Greek Mythology

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A Quick Guide to Greek Mythology

The Greeks believed in many gods (and many generations of gods) and believed that they possessed both supernatural powers and human weaknesses. The greatest beings in Greek mythology are the twelve Olympian gods, named after Mount Olympus.

Zeus

Olympian gods and god of the sky, thunder and ruler of justice. His weapon is lightning. Married to Hera.

Poseidon

God of the sea, earthquake and horse. His weapon is the trident, second only to Zeus.

The land of the dead

God of the underworld and wealth. Lord of the dead.

Hestia

Goddess of hearth and home. Sister of Zeus.

Hera

Goddess of women, marriage and childbirth. An Olympian goddess, a woman who reigned because she was married to Zeus.

Aris

God of war. Son of Zeus and Hera.

Athena

Goddess of wisdom, reason, rational action, art and literature. Daughter of Zeus.

Apollo

God of sun, light, healing, medicine, music, poetry, prophecy, archery, and truth. Son of Zeus and Leto and twin brother of Artemis

Aphrodite

Goddess of love, passion, beauty and fertility.

Hermes

The fastest of the gods and the messenger to the other gods. God of trade, thieves, merchants and travelers. Son of Zeus and Maia.

Artemis

Goddess of chastity, virginity, birth, hunting, forest, moon and nature. Daughter of Zeus and Leto and twin sister of Apollo.

Hephaestus

God of fire and metalwork. Son of Zeus and Hera and husband of Aphrodite.

Daedalus and Icarus

Daedalus was a famous sculptor and builder who built a great labyrinth called the Labyrinth under the palace of Knossos in Crete, where King Minos kept a monster: half man and half bull (the Minotaur). This structure was made up of such intricate tangles. there was no getting out of it. After the labyrinth was completed, King Minos did not want Daedalus to reveal his secret, so he was imprisoned in a high tower with his only son, Icarus. Daedalus and Icarus did not like being prisoners, so they began to think of a way to escape. After observing the birds from the tower window, Diadalus decided to make wings out of the bird’s feathers and wax them so that he and his son could fly and be free. Daedalus warned his son not to get too close to the sea when tying his wings, because the moisture from the waves would wet the feathers and make it too difficult to fly, and he would not fly too high in the sky as the sun was melting. Wax. Icarus was so enthralled by the flight that he forgot his father’s warning and began to soar higher and higher. As he climbed into the sky, his wings melted, and when Icarus realized what was happening, he tried to fly down again, but his wings, which were too late, broke and he fell into the water and drowned.

Theseus and Ariadne

King Minos (King of Crete) had a powerful fleet that was feared by all of Greece. He negotiated with King Aegeus (of Athens) that he would not attack Athens if the people of Athens agreed to send seven boys and seven girls each year as food for the Minotaur. When it was time to send the boys and girls to Crete, Prince Theseus (the son of King Aegeus) decided to kill the minotaur with them because he wanted to save the children and all those who might be sent in the future. King Aegeus begged him not to go because he was afraid that his son would be eaten by a minotaur. But Theseus perseveres and sails to Crete in black sailing boats, promising his father that if he wins and dies before he gets home, his boats will change to white. When they arrived in Crete, they were welcomed by King Minos and his daughter Ariadne. Princess Ariadne immediately falls in love with Prince Theseus and decides to help him on his mission. That night, he gave Theseus a sword and a ball of string, and ordered him to tie the ball of string to the entrance to the labyrinth where the minotaur lived and to untie it as he walked through the maze. After killing the minotaur with the sword, he went out again. Prince Theseus follows exactly as instructed and after finding the minotaur, a great battle ensues, and Theseus wins by killing the minotaur and is able to escape the labyrinth by using a ball of string to guide him.

Pandora’s box

According to Greek mythology, Pandora was the first woman on Earth and was created by the god Zeus to take revenge on man. He instructed Hephaestus to create a beautiful woman endowed by the gods with all charms (including curiosity and cunning) and sent her to earth as a gift to Epimetheus, who fell in love with her and they married. As a wedding gift, Zeus sent Pandora a beautiful box, telling her to never open it, and gave Epimetheus the key to the box. Over time, Pandora became very interested in the contents of the box and asked Epimetheus several times to open it, but each time he said no. Finally, one day when Epimetheus was sleeping, Pandora stole the key and opened the box. When he lifted the lid of the box to see what was inside, a terrible thing flew out of the box, and all kinds of disasters like disease, despair, malice, greed, hatred, violence, cruelty, war, etc., were never known before. Unable to catch all of these things before they fly away, Pandora turns the key with the lid hanging down, leaving only Zeus’s mental hope to help keep people going when they get caught up in bad things.

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