Pan Am Music From And Inspired By The Original Series Simon Bolivar – Hero of South American Independence

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Simon Bolivar – Hero of South American Independence

called El Libertador (The Liberator) and “George Washington of South America” ​​Simon Bolivar was a great South American general and statesman.

He led revolutions against Spanish rule in the Viceroyalty of New Granada (which included present-day Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, and Venezuela).

To this end, he won military victories against Spanish forces in Bolivia, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. These victories marked the end of Spanish colonialism and marked the beginning of national independence for each of those countries.

Born into a noble family in 1783, he was inspired by intellectuals such as Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau and vowed to liberate Venezuela.

He conquered Venezuela, but his victory was short-lived as he launched an offensive against Spain, seizing control of the country and forcing Bolivar to flee.

Bolivar wrote in exile La Carta de Jamaica (“Letter from Jamaica”) he outlined his vision of South America: constitutional republics with an upper and lower house (modeled on the British government) and a president elected for life.

After returning to Venezuela, he engaged Spanish forces in the Battle of Boyaca (1819) and the Battle of Carabobo (1821), which ended in a final victory for Bolivar and the revolutionary patriots over the Spanish.

At the end of 1822, Bolívar’s forces liberated Ecuador, and in 1824 Peru was liberated.

Bolivar was now president of Gran Colombia (the area that makes up present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama) — a country already recognized by the United States — and dictator of Peru.

In 1825 Bolívar’s forces under Antonio José de Sucre liberated Upper Peru. The country was named Bolivia in honor of Simon Bolivar.

Bolivar hoped to create a new union of South American nations from Chile and Argentina to Mexico; But in fact, nationalism quickly overtook continentalism, and by 1830 Gran Colombia had split into three separate countries: Colombia (including Panama), Venezuela, and Ecuador.

At the end of his life, Bolivar faced massive opposition and was almost assassinated. He died on December 17, 1830.

Despite his weaknesses, a conservative who was not adverse to dictatorship, Simón Bolívar’s presence is felt everywhere in Latin America, on streets, places, monuments, statues, currency, coins, stamps, and even the country that bears his name. He is still remembered across the continent as a hero who brought about national independence.

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