The Stringed Instrument Used In Indian Music Is Called The Punjabi Culture: Music and Songs

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Punjabi Culture: Music and Songs

Punjab

The birthplace of Bhangra, Punjab is a region that occupies the northeastern part of North India and Pakistan. Translated, the name “Punjab” means “Land of Five Rivers”. The people of Punjab are called Punjabis and they speak a language called Punjabi. The three main religions of this region are Sikhism, Hinduism and Islam. The region was invaded and ruled by many different empires and nations, including Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Muslims, and Mongols. In the 15th century, Guru Nanak Dev founded the Sikh religion, which quickly became popular in the region. The 19th century saw the beginning of British rule, which saw the emergence of several heroic freedom fighters who became the subject of many Bhangra songs. Finally, at the end of British rule in 1947, Punjab was partitioned between Pakistan and India. This division led to a large migration of Punjabis to the United Kingdom, which led to the emergence of Bhangra in Western clubs and dance halls.

Bhangra

Bhangra is a vibrant music and dance form originating from the Punjab region of Southeast Asia. Since many bhangra lyrics reflect Punjab’s long and often turbulent history, knowledge of Punjabi history is essential to understanding the meaning of the music. Bhangra began as part of harvest festivals, but eventually became part of many different events, including weddings and New Year celebrations. Moreover, in the last three decades, Bhangra has become popular all over the world, both in its traditional form and in combination with genres such as hip-hop, house, reggae, etc. As Bhangra moves into mainstream culture, understanding its history and traditions helps to appreciate it.

Bhangra instruments

A variety of Punjabi instruments contribute to Bhangra sound. Although the most important instrument is the dhol drum, Bhangra also has strings and other drum instruments.

The primary and most important means of identifying Bhangra is the dol. A dhol is a large bass drum played with two sticks. The dhol skin is generally about fifteen inches wide, and the dhol player carries the instrument with a strap around his neck.

String instruments include thumbi, sarangi, sapera, supp and chimta. Dhad, dafli, dholki and damru are other drums. Tumbi is a high-pitched single-stringed instrument owned by famous Punjabi singer Amar Singh Chamkila. Even with just one string, it takes years to master the guts. The sarangi is a multi-stringed instrument somewhat similar to the violin. The sapera creates a beautiful, high-pitched string beat, while the supp and chimta add an extra, lighter sound to Bhangra music. Finally, the dhad, dafli, dholki, and damru are instruments that produce more drum beats, but with much less bass than the dhol drum.

Bhangra is a vibrant music and dance form originating from the Punjab region of Southeast Asia. Since many bhangra lyrics reflect Punjab’s long and often turbulent history, knowledge of Punjabi history is essential to understanding the meaning of the music. Bhangra began as part of harvest festivals, but eventually became part of many different events, including weddings and New Year celebrations. Moreover, in the last three decades, Bhangra has become popular all over the world, both in its traditional form and in combination with genres such as hip-hop, house, reggae, etc. As Bhangra moves into mainstream culture, understanding its history and traditions helps to appreciate it.

Bhangra instruments

A variety of Punjabi instruments contribute to Bhangra sound. Although the most important instrument is the dhol drum, Bhangra also has strings and other drum instruments.

The primary and most important means of identifying Bhangra is the dol. A dhol is a large bass drum played with two sticks. The dhol skin is generally about fifteen inches wide, and the dhol player carries the instrument with a strap around his neck.

String instruments include thumbi, sarangi, sapera, supp and chimta. Dhad, dafli, dholki and damru are other drums. Tumbi is a high-pitched single-stringed instrument owned by famous Punjabi singer Amar Singh Chamkila. Even with just one string, it takes years to master the guts. The sarangi is a multi-stringed instrument somewhat similar to the violin. The sapera creates a beautiful, high-pitched string beat, while the supp and chimta add an extra, lighter sound to Bhangra music. Finally, the dhad, dafli, dholki, and damru are instruments that produce more drum beats, but with much less bass than the dhol drum.

Bhangra today

Bhangra has come a long way in the 20th century and recently took the entertainment industry by storm. In the 1970s and 1980s, many Punjabi singers emerged from Southeast Asia and Great Britain, giving birth to a new trend in Bhangra dance music. Contemporary Bhangra artists not only record and perform traditional Bhangra songs, but also combine them with other genres of music such as hip-hop, reggae, house, and drum-bass.

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